Taylor Family Genes
Welcome to our site, dedicated to helping find your Taylor ancestors through
genetic genealogy. The site is for providing information from and about the Taylor Family Genes
Project and genetic genealogy in general in an understandable, easy to follow way.
We also maintain another website at
www.familytreedan.com/taylorfamilygenes/. It is more focused on the actual
Taylor, Tailor, Taler, Tayler, Tayloe & Tyler
are some of the variations of this surname. Taylor is the most common spelling,
but more are included. All variations are welcomed in the Project.
The Taylor Surname Project
of Family Tree DNA
Our project is sponsored by Family Tree DNA. To FTDNA, we are the Taylor
Surname Project. We are also commonly known as "Taylor Family Genes", abbreviated TFG.
Taylor Family Genes is an independent genealogical research study run by a volunteer project
administrative team who receive no payment or incentives from Family Tree DNA or
from any other organization or institution. FTDNA provides technical and
administrative support services to the project, not funds.
Participants, except in unusual circumstances, are wholly responsible for the
costs of their own tests. The project receives no funding, except through
donations by its members and other benevolent parties. These donations are used
to advance the entire project's goals.
Results can not be predicted before testing is complete. We do not guarantee that every participant will
match anyone in the project or in the wider Family Tree DNA database. We do not
guarantee that results will confirm a participant's research.
While we appreciate and support any individual or group promoting Taylor
genealogy, the Taylor Family Genes project has no connection to taylorfamilygenes.com, a site
for one particular Taylor family. Nor, do we have a connection with any of the various
Taylor Family Associations.
Frequent visitors to the site may find these short-cuts handy:
Genealogy, the study of our ancestors, usually starts easily enough. We hear
stories from family elders. We find birth, death & marriage certificates to
verify what we've heard. We look in census records, tax lists and many
other documents; we visit courthouses, cemeteries, and archives to find and
prove ever-earlier generations.
But — sooner or later, for most of us — the resources we need to keep making
progress in our research get scarcer and scarcer, until we are blocked. We
arrive at the genealogists' "brick wall"; the records we need to lift the veil
of time either never existed or have been lost.
DNA may provide a way around the wall and show the way to continued progress
in our family histories. Using DNA as a tool, we can match family members spread
throughout the world and either confirm or dispel old yarns and legends.
DNA testing has become a useful tool for genealogists and can now provide a
means of connecting Taylors world wide. Whatever your genealogical interest,
powerful versions of Y-DNA testing are now available to genealogists of all
degrees of experience.
DNA (genetic genealogy) can unlock answers to persistent mysteries and
seemingly impenetrable brick walls by proving scientifically that two
individuals do or do not share a common male ancestor. Become a pioneer of the
future, secure and share your DNA for your children and their grandchildren.
Caveat: DNA, like genealogy in general, can reveal surprising
information. It can refute long-held family legends. Do not test if you don't
want the truth.
Learning about genetic genealogy
It can be a complicated subject, requiring an understanding of
traditional genealogy as well as of some basic DNA principles. We've
compiled a learning resource list here.
Since 2003, the Taylor Family Genes Project has been proud to take its place
in the exciting new field of genetic genealogy, helping members connect with
their shared ancestors. We now have over 560 members and have helped many
of them solve ancestral mysteries.
We have a team of dedicated volunteers to actively administer the Project,
Though we receive no pay, any of us would be glad to provide more information.
Our names and addresses are on the "Contacts" page.
OR, go to the
FTDNA Taylor Project website.
We have become the largest (and, we think, the best) Taylor surname DNA
project. We provide a richness of services that few other projects can. For a
picture of the project, click here.
You can become eligible to join the Project by purchasing a DNA test kit from
Family Tree DNA and submitting a sample to the lab for analysis. For more
details about the kit, DNA basics and prices see the
Family Tree DNA website. Our "About
Y-DNA" page explains the process from testing through finding & interpreting
You needn't necessarily submit your own Y-DNA. You may submit a sample from
another donor to join the Project, but use your name and contact information if you
will be the contact person. You will then be considered the "kit owner".
Upon ordering the test, the kit owner will receive an e-mail from FTDNA with
information needed to log on to his or her personal "My FTDNA" pages. Do NOT
lose or delete this important message.
About a month to six weeks after the kit arrives at the lab, the kit owner
will receive a message that results are complete and posted to the FTDNA
database. After logging in, they may print a certificate
with the results, join the Taylor project and search for matches. There are no fees or dues for joining the Project; the
cost is included in your test.
Other ways to join
There are other ways of joining. If you have already been tested by another
company, you may be able to convert your results for a fee. Different companies
test different markers. Others may need to be retested. Only those who have
tests or conversions performed by FTDNA are eligible for Project membership.
We encourage you to join the project. The more people tested, the better the
odds for all of finding a match.
We take your privacy and security seriously. We publish only a limited amount
of information about you. For more on this question, see our
What's in a name?
It surprises some to realize that our very distant ancestors didn't use
surnames; they came into universal use in Europe no earlier than the mid-1300s.
"Names" page tells more about this and the origin of
the Taylor surname.
Origins of Your Taylors
Look at our exploration of the origins of many Taylor families.
The Y-DNA test is male-specific; only men have a Y chromosome. The pattern of
its DNA is handed down from father to son with very little change over
centuries. Uncles and their sons will match identically. Male cousins of
great distances will match nearly exactly if they have a common male ancestor.
When interpreting the results, the element of probability comes into play.
We recommend getting 37 or 67 markers tested for the most refined
To read more about Y-DNA and its use in genetic genealogy, see our "About
Another test is the mtDNA test which describes the female lineage. Both men
and women may take this test. It traces the direct maternal line without
influence from other lines. Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of
the maternal line.
The participant receives a certificate and report which describes the testing
process in general and the meaning of matches. Results are placed in the FTDNA
database. When another person shows identical results and if both parties have
signed the Family Tree DNA Release Form they will each be informed of the match.
This test is for HVR1(16001-16569) of the mitochondrial DNA. A panel of
twenty-two SNPs is included for backbone haplogroup placement. At this
point in time, this website does not display mtDNA data. Tests which also
include the HVR2 and coding regions are available as well; these are known
respectively as "mtDNA Plus" and "mtFullSequence".
Read more about mtDNA..
Autosomal DNA, auDNA
The Family Finder test analyzes autosomal DNA to identify relatives out
to about the third cousin level. In other words, it can find descendants of
your second-great-grandparents and, sometimes, third-great-grandparents.
Autosomal tests are also offered by
National Geographic Society's Geno 2.0 project. The
ISOGG Wiki gives a good comparison.
We have a limited introduction to auDNA on this
Matched Groups: Genetic Families
We help you find matches: Project volunteer
co-administrators review Y-DNA results to find patterns that match to a degree
indicating a common male ancestor within a genealogical time frame. As we find
two or more matching Y-DNA patterns, we place them in a "group" and designate it
with the haplogroup and a number in the order found. For example, "Group I1-01"
indicates that this matched group is in haplogroup I1 and it was the first
identified by the project. "R1b-02" is thought to represent the family
form Zachariah Taylor came; it is in haplogroup R1b and was the 2nd found.
When a kit has been tested for 25 or more markers and has a perfect or very
close match to another in the Project, a group is formed. We have, so far,
identified more than 70 separate matching Y-DNA groups with from 2 to 15 members
each. We have a page -- click here
-- listing all the groups in the project with links to each individual
Kits which have not yet been matched with any other are clustered
together according to their
haplogroup values, with further subdivisions for R1b. Each haplogroup has its own page,
with information about that haplogroup. To read about your haplogroup,
begin with this page.
The most common haplogroup for TAYLOR is R1b1a2 (R-M269).
We are limited to finding matches among project members We do not have
access to DNA results of non-members.
Members are encouraged to share information about their male Taylor
ancestry and submit their personal family tree. We publish a tree (or the
beginning of one) for every member, listed by kit number, though some
members have not provided information. We do not post trees nor DNA results
for people who are not members through Family Tree DNA.
These trees are linked in various ways throughout the site. Access to the
trees may be obtained in either of these ways.
- If you only know the kit number,
This page gives a master list of all the trees in numerical order
and links to them on this site.
- If you know the group assignment, click
here and on the link to the particular group's page. Then click
the link by the name & kit#. This permits comparison of trees
by those sharing a common male ancestor.
The tree shows the email address of the contact person for further
research discussions along that line. It is the responsibility of the kit
owner to send updates and corrections to his tree and email address.
We are sorry if the email address no longer is valid; we do update them if
members inform us.
The markers & allele values published on this site represent the modal
(most frequent) values for matched groups. We do not publish individuals'
results; they may be found on FTDNA's Taylor Family genes
Contents on the
DNA results page are:
- Overall project findings
- How many markers need to be tested.
- Discussion on interpreting DNA results
- How kits are grouped; what a "matched group" means
- How far back is our Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCMA).
- Links to other genetic genealogy information.
Approaching 600 members, 520 with Y-DNA, the project is not the largest surname
DNA project. But, it is the largest and best Taylor DNA
project. For more about the project's status and its numbers, see
The Taylor Family Genes project has a NEWSLETTER which appears
on our own blog site, "Taylor
Topics". Members and non-members can read interesting articles
on various aspects of genetics, family success stories, and news from
the team members. You can also submit an article or question for
posting to this blog.
A site map is planned. When completed, it will provide an index to the page
where a topic occurs. In the meantime, report broken links
by clicking here.
You may also use the search box below to search the site.
The Project Administration Team is wholly made up of
Click here for the admin team's page.
We help prospective members join the Project, organize the data, answer
questions or point members to someone who can assist, set up trees, analyze
data, etc. We are happy to help in this way. Please understand, though,
that we do not have the time to do research for individuals. We do enjoy
genealogy and the search for answers based on facts. Direct your questions
and concerns to a team member or post them on our blog.
Project members: It is no longer possible for an admin to change your contact information.
You may change it yourself as follows:
- Log onto your personal page at
need your kit number and password. Under the My Account tab, click on the contact information link to
make needed changes. Don't forget to click the "Save" button after making
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