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Taylor Family Genes

Welcome to our site, dedicated to helping find your Taylor ancestors through genetic genealogy. The site is for providing information from and about the Taylor Family Genes Project and genetic genealogy in general in an understandable, easy to follow way.

We also maintain another website at It is more focused on the actual DNA results.

Project Surnames

Taylor, Tailor, Taler, Tayler, Tayloe & Tyler are some of the variations of this surname. Taylor is the most common spelling, but more are included. All variations are welcomed in the Project.

The Taylor Surname Project
of Family Tree DNA

Our project is sponsored by Family Tree DNA. To FTDNA, we are the Taylor Surname Project. We are also commonly known as "Taylor Family Genes", abbreviated TFG.

Taylor Family Genes is an independent genealogical research study run by a volunteer project administrative team who receive no payment or incentives from Family Tree DNA or from any other organization or institution. FTDNA provides technical and administrative support services to the project, not funds.

Participants, except in unusual circumstances, are wholly responsible for the costs of their own tests. The project receives no funding, except through donations by its members and other benevolent parties. These donations are used to advance  the entire project's goals.

Results can not be predicted before testing is complete. We do not guarantee that every participant will match anyone in the project or in the wider Family Tree DNA database. We do not guarantee that results will confirm a participant's research.

Similarly-named Sites

While we appreciate and support any individual or group promoting Taylor genealogy, the Taylor Family Genes project has no connection to, a site for one particular Taylor family. Nor, do we have a connection with any of the various Taylor Family Associations.

Frequently-used Links

Frequent visitors to the site may find these short-cuts handy:

Why DNA?

Genealogy, the study of our ancestors, usually starts easily enough. We hear stories from family elders. We find birth, death & marriage certificates to verify what we've heard. We look in census records,  tax lists and many other documents; we visit courthouses, cemeteries, and archives to find and prove ever-earlier generations.

But — sooner or later, for most of us — the resources we need to keep making progress in our research get scarcer and scarcer, until we are blocked. We arrive at the genealogists' "brick wall"; the records we need to lift the veil of time either never existed or have been lost.

DNA may provide a way around the wall and show the way to continued progress in our family histories. Using DNA as a tool, we can match family members spread throughout the world and either confirm or dispel old yarns and legends.

DNA testing has become a useful tool for genealogists and can now provide a means of connecting Taylors world wide. Whatever your genealogical interest, powerful versions of Y-DNA testing are now available to genealogists of all degrees of experience.

DNA (genetic genealogy) can unlock answers to persistent mysteries and seemingly impenetrable brick walls by proving scientifically that two individuals do or do not share a common male ancestor. Become a pioneer of the future, secure and share your DNA for your children and their grandchildren.

Caveat: DNA, like genealogy in general, can reveal surprising information. It can refute long-held family legends. Do not test if you don't want the truth.

Learning about genetic genealogy

It can be a complicated subject, requiring an understanding of traditional genealogy as well as of some basic DNA principles. We've compiled a learning resource list here.

Project Background

Since 2003, the Taylor Family Genes Project has been proud to take its place in the exciting new field of genetic genealogy, helping members connect with their shared ancestors.  We now have over 560 members and have helped many of them solve ancestral mysteries.

We have a team of dedicated volunteers to actively administer the Project, Though we receive no pay, any of us would be glad to provide more information.  Our names and addresses are on the "Contacts" page. OR, go to the FTDNA Taylor Project website

We have become the largest (and, we think, the best) Taylor surname DNA project. We provide a richness of services that few other projects can. For a picture of the project, click here.

Membership in the Project

You can become eligible to join the Project by purchasing a DNA test kit from Family Tree DNA and submitting a sample to the lab for analysis. As of January 2014, prior approval is required to join. See "Membership Eligibility & Qualification Requirements".

For more details about the kit, DNA basics and prices see the Family Tree DNA website. Our "About Y-DNA" page explains the process from testing through finding & interpreting matches.

You needn't necessarily submit your own Y-DNA. You may submit a sample from another donor to join the Project, but use your name and contact information if you will be the contact person. You will then be considered the "kit owner".

Upon ordering the test, the kit owner will receive an e-mail from FTDNA with information needed to log on to his or her personal "My FTDNA" pages. Do NOT lose or delete this important message.

About a month to six weeks after the kit arrives at the lab, the kit owner will receive a message that results are complete and posted to the FTDNA database. After logging in, he or she may print a certificate with the results, join the Taylor project (if not already) and search for matches. There are no fees or dues for joining the Project; the cost is included in your test.

Other ways to join

There are other ways of joining. If you have already been tested by another company, you may be able to convert your results for a fee. Different companies test different markers. Others may need to be retested. Only those who have tests or conversions performed by FTDNA are eligible for Project membership.

We encourage you to join the project. The more people tested, the better the odds for all of finding a match.


We take your privacy and security seriously. We publish only a limited amount of information about you. For more on this question, see our privacy page.

What's in a name?

It surprises some to realize that our very distant ancestors didn't use surnames; they came into universal use in Europe no earlier than the mid-1300s. Our "Names" page tells more about this and the origin of the Taylor surname.

Origins of Your Taylors

Look at our exploration of the origins of many Taylor families.

Y-DNA Markers

The Y-DNA test is male-specific; only men have a Y chromosome. The pattern of its DNA is handed down from father to son with very little change over centuries. Uncles and their sons will match identically.  Male cousins of great distances will match nearly exactly if they have a common male ancestor.

When interpreting the results, the element of probability comes into play.  We recommend getting 37 or 67 markers tested for the most refined interpretation.

More on a separate page

To read more about Y-DNA and its use in genetic genealogy, see our "About Y-DNA" page.

mtDNA Test

Another test is the mtDNA test which describes the female lineage. Both men and women may take this test. It traces the direct maternal line without influence from other lines. Results identify the ethnic and geographic origin of the maternal line.

The participant receives a certificate and report which describes the testing process in general and the meaning of matches. Results are placed in the FTDNA database. When another person shows identical results and if both parties have signed the Family Tree DNA Release Form they will each be informed of the match.

This test is for HVR1(16001-16569) of the mitochondrial DNA. A panel of twenty-two SNPs is included for backbone haplogroup placement.  At this point in time, this website does not display mtDNA data. Tests which also include the HVR2 and coding regions are available as well; these are known respectively as "mtDNA Plus" and "mtFullSequence". Read more about mtDNA..

Autosomal DNA, auDNA

The Family Finder test analyzes autosomal DNA to identify relatives out to about the third cousin level. In other words, it can find descendants of your second-great-grandparents and, sometimes, third-great-grandparents.

Autosomal tests are also offered by Ancestry DNA, 23andMe and the National Geographic Society's Geno 2.0 project. The ISOGG Wiki gives a good comparison.

We have a limited introduction to auDNA on this page.

Matched Groups: Genetic Families

We help you find matches: Project volunteer co-administrators review Y-DNA results to find patterns that match to a degree indicating a common male ancestor within a genealogical time frame. As we find two or more matching Y-DNA patterns, we place them in a "group" and designate it with the haplogroup and a number in the order found. For example, "Group I1-01" indicates that this matched group is in haplogroup I1 and it was the first identified by the project.  "R1b-02" is thought to represent the family form Zachariah Taylor came; it is in haplogroup R1b and was the 2nd found.

When a kit has been tested for 25 or more markers and has a perfect or very close match to another in the Project, a group is formed. We have, so far, identified more than 70 separate matching Y-DNA groups with from 2 to 15 members each. We have a page -- click here --  listing all the groups in the project with links to each individual group page. 

Kits which have not yet been matched with any other are clustered together according to their haplogroup values, with further subdivisions for R1b. Each haplogroup has its own page, with information about that haplogroup. To read about your haplogroup, begin with this page.  The most common haplogroup for TAYLOR is R1b1a2 (R-M269).

We are limited to finding matches among project members We do not have access to DNA results of non-members.

Trees, Lineages

Members are encouraged to share information about their male Taylor ancestry and submit their personal family tree. We publish a tree (or the beginning of one) for every member, listed by kit number, though some members have not provided information. We do not post trees nor DNA results for people who are not members through Family Tree DNA.

These trees are linked in various ways throughout the site. Access to the trees may be obtained in either of these ways.

  1. If you only know the kit number, click here. This page gives a master list of all the trees in numerical order and links to them on this site.
  2. If you know the group assignment, click here and on the link to the particular group's page. Then click the link by the name &  kit#. This permits comparison of trees by those sharing a common male ancestor.

The tree shows the email address of the contact person for further research discussions along that line. It is the responsibility of the kit owner to send updates and corrections to his tree and email address.  We are sorry if the email address no longer is valid; we do update them if members inform us.


The markers & allele values published on this site represent the modal (most frequent) values for matched groups. We do not publish individuals' results; they may be found on FTDNA's Taylor Family genes public website. Contents on the DNA results page are:

  1. Overall project findings
  2. How many markers need to be tested.
  3. Discussion on interpreting DNA results
  4. How kits are grouped; what a "matched group" means
  5. How far back is our Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCMA).
  6. Links to other genetic genealogy information.

Project Status

Approaching 600 members, 520 with Y-DNA, the project is not the largest surname DNA project. But, it is the largest and best Taylor DNA project. For more about the project's status and its numbers, see this page.

Blog Site

The Taylor Family Genes project has a NEWSLETTER which appears on our own blog site, "Taylor Topics".  Members and non-members can read interesting articles on various aspects of genetics, family success stories, and news from the team members.  You can also submit an article or question for posting to this blog. 

Site Map

A site map is planned. When completed, it will provide an index to the page where a topic occurs. In the meantime, report broken links by clicking here.

You may also use the search box below to search the site.



The Project Administration Team is wholly made up of Volunteers. Click here for the admin team's page.

We help prospective members join the Project, organize the data, answer questions or point members to someone who can assist, set up trees, analyze data, etc. We are happy to help in this way.  Please understand, though,  that we do not have the time to do research for individuals.  We do enjoy genealogy and the search for answers based on facts.  Direct your questions and concerns to a team member or post them on our blog.

Project members: It is no longer possible for an admin to change your contact information. You may change it yourself as follows:

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Revised: 05 Jul 2013